When at the stage of building a foundation for the future foundation it turns out that the soil is fluffy and has a high soil freezing depth that makes up about a hundred forty centimeters, as well as the close presence of ground water, then the foundation should be laid to a depth of more than one and a half meters, and sometimes and deeper, for which piles are required.
All this affects the cost of the construction itself. Therefore, in order to avoid large expenses associated with the construction of the foundation and not carry out pile work, you can resort to the construction of a “floating” version of this design. With this version of the foundation performed, one can not be afraid that the arch in the front wall will crack over time due to the shrinkage of the foundation.
Of course, that this type of foundation can only be a strip. Usually a bottle or concrete is used as a material. The width of the trench for such a foundation should be about half a meter, and the depth is about seventy centimeters.
The device of the floating foundation
Initially, the first layer of button or concrete is laid in the trench under the foundation. In the event that it is a bottlenell tower that is used, then it should be tamped, otherwise there may be unforeseen complications.
After laying the first layer, concrete is reinforced by laying the strips of a reinforcing mesh with a width of about thirty centimeters or laid three stripes of reinforcing bars.
All joints between the reinforcement are tightly binded with a metal wire, or are strengthened by welding. Next, it is necessary to fill the next layer of concrete and reinforce again.
After the floating foundation is laid, it must be withstanded, only after such a rather long exposure is allowed to superstructure the basement.
Having completed the implementation of the basement, you should be patient again and let the already erected structure stand, while installing reliable waterproofing on the base at the same time.
Having waited a time sufficient for solidification of concrete, you can start all the subsequent stages of construction work, without fearing more for the stability of the newly erected structure, which will not require piling work.
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